Current Biology
Raio*, C.M., Carmel*, D., Carrasco, M. & Phelps, E.A. (2012). Nonconscious fear is quickly acquired but swiftly forgotten.
Current Biology, 22, R477-9. [Abstract]
* = equal contribution

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2000). Perceiving emotion: More than meets the eye. Current Biology, 10, R551-54. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. & Anderson, A.K. (1997). Emotional Memory: What does the amygdala do? Current Biology, 7, 311-14. [Abstract]


Annual Review of Neuroscience
Phelps, E.A., Lempert, K.M. & Sokol-Hessner, P. (2014). Emotion and Decision Making: Multiple Modulatory Neural Circuits. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 13, 263-287. [Abstract]

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Annual Review of Psychology
Phelps, E.A. (2006). Emotion and cognition: Insights from studies of the human amygdala. Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 27-53. [Abstract]


Behavioral Neuroscience
Dunsmoor, J.E., Kroes, M.C.W., Braren, S.H., & Phelps, E.A. (2017).  Threat intensity widens fear generalization gradients. Behavioral Neuroscience, 131, 168-75. [Abstract].

LaBar, K.S. & Phelps, E.A. (2005). Reinstatement of conditioned fear in humans is context-dependent and impaired in amnesia. Behavioral Neuroscience, 119, 677-86. [Abstract]


Biological Psychiatry
Dunsmoor, J.E., Campese, V.D., Ceceli, A.O., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2014). Novelty-facilitated extinction: Providing a novel outcome in place of an expected threat diminishes recovery of defensive responses. Biological Psychiatry, (e-pub ahead of print). [Abstract].

Hartley, C.A. & Phelps, E.A. (2012). Anxiety and decision-making. Biological Psychiatry, 72, 113-8. [Abstract]

Rauch, S.L., Shin, L.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2006). Neurocircuitry models of posttraumatic stress disorder and extinction: Human neuroimaging research past, present and future. Biological Psychiatry, 60, 376-383. [Abstract]

Pine, D.S., Fyer, A., Grun, J., Phelps, E.A., Szeszko, P.R., Koda, V., Li, W., Ardekani, B., Macguire, E.A., Burgess, N. & Bilder, R.M. (2001). Methods for developmental studies of fear conditioning circuitry. Biological Psychiatry, 50, 225-28. [Abstract]


Biological Psychology
Kubota, J.T., Mojdehbakhsh, R., Raio, C., Brosch, T., Uleman, J.S. & Phelps, E.A. (2014). Stressing the person: Legal and everyday person attributions under stress. Biological Psychology, 103, 117-24. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Olsson, A. & Phelps, E.A. (2006). Extending animal models of fear conditioning to humans. Biological Psychology, 73, 39-48. [Abstract]


Cerebral Cortex
Hermans, E.J., Kanen, J.W., Tambini, A., Fernandez, G., Davachi, L. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).  Persistence of amygdala-hippocampal connectivity and multi-voxel correlation structures during awake rest after fear learning predicts long-term expression of fear. Cerebral Cortex, 27, 3028-41. [Abstract].

Hartley, C.A., Fischl, B. & Phelps, E.A. (2011). Brain structure correlate of individual differences in the acquisition and inhibition of conditioned fear. Cerebral Cortex, 21, 1954-62. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Hirst, W. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1991). Deficits in recall following partial and complete commissurotomy. Cerebral Cortex, 1, 492-98. [Abstract]


Cognition & Emotion
Sokol-Hessner, P., Hartley, C.A., Hamilton, J.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2014). Interoceptive ability predicts aversion to losses. Cognition & Emotion, 11, 1-7. [Abstract]

Ferneyhough, E., Kim, M.K., Phelps, E.A. & Carrasco, M. (2013). Anxiety modulates the effects of emotion and attention on early vision. Cognition & Emotion, 27, 166-76.[Abstract]


Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Gillan, C.M., Otto, A.R., Phelps, E.A. & Daw, N.D. (2015). Model-based learning protects against forming habits. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15, 523-36. [Abstract].

Dougal, S., Phelps, E.A. & Davachi, L. (2007). The role of the medial temporal lobe in item recognition and source recollection for emotional stimuli. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 233-242. [Abstract]

Sharot, T. & Phelps, E.A. (2004). How arousal modulates memory: Disentangling the effects of attention and retention. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 4, 294-306. [Abstract]


Current Directions in Psychological Science
Hirst, W. & Phelps, E.A. (2016). Flashbulb memories. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 36-41. [Abstract].

Phelps, E.A. & Sharot, T.S. (2008). How (and why) emotion enhances the subjective sense of recollection. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 147-52. [Abstract]

Stanley, D., Phelps, E.A. & Banaji, M.R. (2008). The neural basis of implicit attitudes. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 164-70. [Abstract]


Current Opinion in Neurobiology
Miller, E.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2010). Current Opinion in Neurobiology--Cognitive Neuroscience 2010. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 20, 141-2. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2004). Human emotion and memory: Interactions of the amygdala and hippocampal complex.
Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 14, 198-202. [Abstract]


Current Topics in Behavioral Neuroscience
Kroes, M.C.W., Schiller, D., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2016). Translational approaches targeting reconsolidation. Current Topics in Behavioral Neuroscience, 28, 197-230. [Abstract].


Atlas, L.Y., Doll, B.B., Li, J., Daw, N.D. & Phelps, E.A. (2016). Instructed knowledge shapes feedback-driven aversive learning in striatum and orbitofrontal cortex, but not the amygdala. eLife, 5. [Abstract].

Gillan, C.M., Kosinski, M., Whelan, R., Phelps, E.A. & Daw, N.D. (2016). Characterizing a psychiatric symptom dimension related to deficits in goal-directed control. eLife, 5. [Abstract].


Lempert, K.M., Johnson, E. & Phelps, E.A. (2016). Emotional arousal predicts intertemporal choice. Emotion, 16, 647-56. [Abstract].

Shurick, A.A., Hamilton, J.R., Harris, L.T., Roy, A.K., Gross, J.J. & Phelps, E.A. (2012). Durable effects of cognitive restructuring on constructed fear. Emotion, 12, 1393-7.[Abstract]

Rimmele, U., Davachi, L. & Phelps, E.A. (2012). Memory for time and place contributes to enhanced confidence in memories for emotional events. Emotion, 12, 834-46. [Abstract]

Rimmele, U., Davachi, L., Petrov, R., Dougal, S. & Phelps, E.A. (2011). Emotion enhances the subjective feeling of remembering, despite lower accuracy for contextual details. Emotion, 11, 553-62. [Abstract]

Levens, S.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2008). Emotion processing effects on interference resolution in working memory. Emotion, 8, 267-80. [Abstract]


Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Schiller, D. & Phelps, E.A. (2011). Does reconsolidation occur in humans? Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 5, 24. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Jou, R.L., Ledoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2009). Avoiding negative outcomes: Tracking the mechanisms of avoidance learning in humans during fear conditioning. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 3, 1-9. [Abstract]


Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Goldfarb, E.V., Frobose, M.I., Cools, R. & Phelps, E.A. (2017).  Stress and cognitive flexibility: Cortisol increases are associated with enhanced updating but impaired switching. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 29, 14-24. [Abstract].

Rimmele, U., Lackovic, S.F., Tobe, R.H., Leventhal, B.L & Phelps, E.A. (2016). Beta-adrenergic blockade at memory encoding, but not retrieval, decreases the subjective sense of recollection. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28, 895-907. [Abstract].

Levens, S.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2010). Insula and orbital frontal cortex activity underlying emotion interference resolution in working memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 2790-803. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2002). Is the human amygdala critical for the subjective experience of emotion? Evidence of intact dispositional affect in patients with amygdala lesions. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 709-20. [Abstract]

Funayama, E.S., Grillon, C.G., Davis, M. & Phelps, E.A. (2001). A double dissociation in the affective modulation of startle in humans: Effects of unilateral temporal lobectomy. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 721-29. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., O'Connor, K.J., Cunningham, W.A., Funayama, E.S., Gatenby, J.C., Gore, J.C. & Banaji, M.R. (2000). Performance on indirect measures of race evaluation predicts amygdala activity. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12, 729-38. [Abstract]


Journal of Experimental Psychology
Goldfarb, E.V., Tompary, A., Davachi, L., & Phelps, E.A. (2018).  Acute stress throughout the memory cycle: diverging effects on associative and item memory.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, [e-pub ahead of print].

Goldfarb, E.V., Tompary, A., Davachi, L., & Phelps, E.A. (2018).  Acute stress throughout the memory cycle: diverging effects on associative and item memory.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, [e-pub ahead of print].

FeldmanHall, O., Otto, A.R.., & Phelps, E.A. (2018).  Learning moral values: Another’s desire to punish enhances one’s own punitive behavior.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147, 1211-24.

FeldmanHall, O., Glimcher, P., Baker, A.L. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).  Emotion and decision-making under uncertainty: Physiological arousal predicts increased gambling during ambiguity but not risk. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145, 1255-62. [Abstract].

Murty, V.P., FeldmanHall, O., Hunter, L.E., Phelps, E.A. & Davachi, L. (2016). Episodic memories predict adaptive value-based decision-making. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 155, 548-58. [Abstract].

Hirst, W., Phelps, E.A., Meksin, R., Vaidya, C.J., Johnson, M.K., Mitchell, K.J., Buckner, R.L., Budson, A.E., Gabrieli, J.D., Lustig, C., Mather, M., Ochsner, K.N., Schacter, D., Simons, J.S., Lyle, K.B., Cuc, A.F. & Olsson, A. (2015). A ten-year follow-up of a study of memory for the attack of September 11, 2001: Flashbulb memories and memories for flashbulb events. Journal of Experimental of Psychology: General, 144, 604-23. [Abstract].

Lempert, K.M., Glimcher, P.W. & Phelps, E.A. (2015). Emotional arousal and discount rate in intertemporal choice are reference dependent. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, 366-73. [Abstract].

Hirst, W., Phelps, E.A., Buckner, R.L., Budson, A.E., Cuc, A., Gabrieli, J.D., Johnson, M.K., Lustig, C., Lyle, K.B., Mather, M., Meksin, R., Mitchell, K.J., Ochsner, K.N., Schacter, D.L., Simons, J.S. & Vaidya, C.J. (2009). Long-term memory for the terrorist attack of September 11: flashbulb memories, event memories, and the factors that influence their retention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 138, 161-76. [Abstract]

Hirst, W., Johnson, M.K., Phelps, E.A. & Volpe, B.T. (1988). More on recognition and recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 14, 758-62. [Abstract]

Bahrick, H.P. & Phelps, E.A. (1987). Retention of Spanish vocabulary over 8 years. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 13, 149-56. [Abstract]

Hirst, W., Johnson, M.K., Kim, J.K., Phelps, E.A., Risse, G. & Volpe, B.T. (1986). Recognition and recall in amnesics. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 12, 445-51. [Abstract]


Journal of Visualized Experiments
Schiller, D., Raio, C. & Phelps, E.A. (2012). Extinction training during the reconsolidation window prevents recovery of fear. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 66, e3893.[Abstract]


Learning and Memory
Atlas, L.Y. & Phelps, E.A. (2018).  Prepared stimuli enhance aversive learning without weakening the impact of verbal instructions.  Learning & Memory, 25, 100-4.

Goldfarb, E.V., Shields, G.S., Daw, N.D., Slavich, G.M., & Phelps, E.A. (2017).  Low lifetime stres exposure is associated with reduced stimulus-response memory. Learning and Memory, 24, 162-8. [Abstract].

Patil, A., Murty, V.P., Dunsmoor, J.E., Phelps, E.A., & Davachi, L. (2016).  Reward retroactively enhances memory consolidation for related items. Learning and Memory, 24, 65-9. [Abstract].

Coelho, C.A, Dunsmoor, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2015). Compound stimulus extinction reduces spontaneous recovery in humans. Learning and Memory, 22, 583-93. [Abstract].

Steinfurth, E.C., Kanen, J.W., Raio, C.M., Clem, R.L., Huganir, R.L. & Phelps, E.A. (2014).
Young and old Pavlovian fear memories can be modified with extinction training during reconsolidation in humans. Learning & Memory, 21, 338-41. [Abstract]

Steinfurth, E.C., Kanen, J.W., Raio, C.M., Clem, R.L., Huganir, R.L. & Phelps, E.A. (2014). Young and old Pavlovian fear memories can be modified with extinction training during reconsolidation in humans. Learning & Memory, 21, 338-341. [Abstract]

Schiller, D., Cain, C.K., Curley, N.G., Schwartz, J.S., Stern, S.A., Ledoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2008). Evidence for recovery of fear following immediate extinction in rats and humans. Learning & Memory, 15, 394-402. [Abstract]


Dunsmoor, J.E., Kroes, M.C.W., Moscatelli, C.M., Evans, M.D., Davachi, L, & Phelps, E.A. (2018).  Event segmentation protects emotional memories from competing experiences encoded close in time. Nature Human Behavior, 4, 291-9.

Dunsmoor, J., Murty, V., Davachi, L. & Phelps, E.A. (2015). Emotional learning selectively and retroactively strengthens memories for related events. Nature, 520, 345-8. [Abstract].

Schiller, D., Monfils, M.H., Raio, C. Johnson, D.C., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2010). Fear memory blockade in humans using reconsolidation update mechanisms. Nature, 463, 49-53. [Abstract]

Sharot, T., Riccardi, A.M., Raio, C.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2007). Neural mechanisms mediating optimism bias. Nature, 450, 102-5. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2001). Lesions of the human amygdala impair enhanced perception of emotionally salient events. Nature, 411, 305-309. [Abstract]


Nature Communications
FeldmanHall, O., Sokol-Hessner, P., Van Bavel, J. & Phelps, E.A. (2014). Fairness violations elicit greater punishment on behalf of another than for oneself. Nature Communications, 5, Article number:5306. [Abstract]


Nature Neuroscience
Tambini, A., Rimmele, U., Phelps, E.A., & Davachi, L. (2017). Emotional brain states carry over and enhance future memory formation. Nature Neuroscience, 20, 271-8. [Abstract].

Kubota, J.T., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2012). The neuroscience of race. Nature Neuroscience, 15, 940-8. [Abstract]

Li, J., Schiller, D., Schoenbaum, G., Phelps, E.A. & Daw, N.D. (2011). Differential roles of human striatum and amygdala in associative learning. Nature Neuroscience, 14, 1250-2. [Abstract]

Schiller, D., Freeman, J.B., Mitchell, J.P., Uleman, J.S. & Phelps, E.A. (2009). A neural mechanism of first impressions. Nature Neuroscience, 12, 508-14. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Gillis, M.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2008). Regulating the expectation of reward via cognitive strategies. Nature Neuroscience, 11, 880-1. [Abstract]

Olsson, A. & Phelps, E.A. (2007). Social Learning of Fear. Nature Neuroscience, 10, 1095-1102. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Frank, R. & Phelps, E.A. (2005). Perception of moral character modulates the neural circuitry of reward during the trust game. Nature Neuroscience, 8, 1611-8. [Abstract]

Sharot, T., Delgado, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2004). How emotion enhances the feeling of remembering. Nature Neuroscience, 7, 1376-80. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2004). Interacting social minds. Nature Neuroscience, 7, 897. [Book Review]

Phelps, E.A. (2002). The cognitive neuroscience of emotion. In M.S. Gazzaniga, R.B. Ivry & G.R. Mangun (Eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of Mind 2nd ed. New York: Norton.Phelps E.A. (2001). Faces and races in the brain. Nature Neuroscience, 4, 775-776 (News and Views). [Abstract]

Phelps E.A., O'Connor, K.J., Gatenby, J.C., Grillon, C., Gore, J.C. & Davis, M. (2001). Activation of the left amygdala to a cognitive representation of fear. Nature Neuroscience, 4, 437-41. [Abstract]

Chun, M.M. & Phelps, E.A. (1999). Memory deficits for implicit contextual information in amnesic subjects with hippocampal damage.Nature Neuroscience, 2, 844-47. [Abstract]


Nature Reviews Neuroscience
Nature Reviews NeFarah, M.J., Hutchinson, J.B., Phelps, E.A. & Wagner, A.D. (2014). Functional MRI-based lie detection: scientific and societal challenges. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 15, 123-131. [Abstract]uroscience


Neurobiology of Learning & Memory
Neurobiology of LeaApergis-Schoute, A.M., Schiller, D., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2014). Extinction resistant changes in the human auditory association cortex following threat learning. Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 113, 109-114. [Abstract]

Raio, C.M., Brigoni-Perez, E., Goldman, R. & Phelps, E.A. (2014). Acute stress impairs the retrieval of extinction memory in humans. Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 112, 212-221. [Abstract]

Hartley, C.A., Gorun, A., Reddan, M.C., Ramirez, F. & Phelps, E.A. (2013). Stressor controllability modulates fear extinction in humans. Neurobiology of Learning & Memory, 113, 149-156. [Abstract]rning & Memory


Neurobiology of Stress
Sokol-Hessner, P., Raio, C.M., Gottesman, S.P., Lackovic, S.F., & Phelps, E.A. (2016).  Acute stress does not affect risky monetary decision-making. Neurobiology of Stress, 5, 19-25. [Abstract].

Raio, C.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2015). The influence of acute stress on the regulation of conditioned fear. Neurobiology of Stress, 1, 134-156. [Abstract]


Phelps, E.A., LaBar, K.S., Anderson, A.K., O'Connor, K.J., Fulbright, R.K. & Spencer, D.D. (1998). Specifying the contributions of the human amygdala to emotional memory: A case study. Neurocase, 4, 527-40. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., LaBar, K.S., Anderson, A.K., O'Connor, K.J., Fulbright, R.K. & Spencer, D.D. (1998). Specifying the contributions of the human amygdala to emotional memory: A case study. Neurocase, 4, 527-40. [Abstract]


Goldfarb, E.V., Chun, M.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2016). Memory-guided attention: Independent contributions of the hippocampus and striatum. Neuron, 89, 317-24. [Abstract].

Dunsmoor, J.E., Niv, Y., Daw, N. & Phelps, E.A. (2015). Rethinking extinction.
Neuron, 88, 47-63. [Abstract].

Delgado, M.R., Nearing K.I., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2008). Neural Circuitry Underlying the Regulation of Conditioned Fear and Its Relation to Extinction. Neuron, 59, 829-38. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. & LeDoux, J.E. (2005). Neural systems underlying emotion behavior: From animal models to human function. Neuron, 48, 175-87. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Delgado, M.R., Nearing, K.I. & LeDoux, J.E. (2004). Extinction learning in humans: Role of the amygdala and vmPFC. Neuron, 43, 897-905. [Abstract]

LaBar, K.S., Gatenby, C., Gore, J.C., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (1998). Human amygdala activation during conditioned fear acquisition and extinction: A mixed trial fMRI study. Neuron, 20, 937-45. [Abstract]


Levens, S.M., Devinsky, O. & Phelps, E.A. (2011). Role of the left amygdala and right orbital frontal cortex in emotional interference resolution facilitation in working memory. Neuropsychologia, 49, 3201-12. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Cannistraci, C.J. & Cunningham, W.A. (2003). Intact performance on an indirect measure of race bias following amygdala damage. Neuropsychologia, 41, 203-208. [Abstract]

Adolphs, R., Tranel, D., Hamann, S., Young, A.W., Calder, A.J., Phelps, E.A., Anderson, A., Lee, G.P. & Damasio, A.R. (1999). Recognition of facial emotion in nine individuals with bilateral amygdala damage. Neuropsychologia, 37, 1111-17. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1992). Hemispheric differences in mnemonic processing: The effect of left hemisphere interpretation. Neuropsychologia, 30, 293-97. [Abstract]

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Hartley, C.A. & Phelps, E.A. (2010). Changing Fear: The neurocircuitry of emotion regulation. Neuropsychopharmacology, 35, 136-46. [Abstract]


Butler, T., Pan, H., Epstein, J., Protopopescu, X., Tuescher, O., Goldstein, M., Cloitre, M., Yand, Y., Phelps, E.A., Gorman, J., LeDoux, J., Stern, E. & Silbersweig, D. (2005). Fear-related activity in the subgenual anterior cingulate differs between men and women. NeuroReport, 16, 1233-36. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (1998). Intact recognition of vocal expressions of fear following bilateral lesions of the amygdala. NeuroReport, 9, 3607-13. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Hyder, F., Blamire, A. & Shulman, R.G. (1997). FMRI of the pre-frontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport, 8, 561-65. [Abstract]


PLoS ONESharot, T.S., Davidson, M.L., Carson, M.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2008). Eye movements predict recollective experience. PLoS ONE, 3, 2884. [Abstract]


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
FeldmanHall, O., Dunsmoor, J.E., Tompary, A., Hunter, L.E., Todorov, A., & Phelps, E.A. (2018).  Stimulus generalization as a mechanism for learning to trust. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115, 1690-7.

Otto, A.R., Raio, C.M., Chiang, A., Phelps, E.A. & Daw, N.D. (2013). Working-memory capacity protects model-based learning from stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 20941-6. [Abstract]

Schiller, D., Kanen, J.W., LeDoux, J.E., Monfils, M.H. & Phelps, E.A. (2013). Extinction during reconsolidation of threat memory diminishes prefrontal cortex involvement. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 20040-5. [Abstract]

Raio, C.M., Orederu, T.A., Palazzolo, L., Shurick, A.A. & Phelps, E.A. (2013). Cognitive emotion regulation fails the stress test. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 15139-44. [Abstract]

Hartley, C.A., McKenna, M.C., Salman, R., Holmes, A., Casey, B.J., Phelps, E.A. & Glatt, C.E. (2012). Serotonin transporter polyadenylation polymorphism modulates the retention of fear extinction memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, 5493-8. [Abstract]

Stanley, D.A., Sokol-Hessner, P., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2011). Implicit race attitudes predict trustworthiness judgments and economic trust decisions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 7710-15. [Abstract]

Li, J., Delgado, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2011). How instructed knowledge modulates the neural systems of reward learning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 108, 55-60. [Abstract]

Sokol-Hessner, P., Hsu, M., Curley, N.G., Delgado, M.R., Camerer, C.F. & Phelps, E.A. (2009). Thinking like a trader selectively reduces individuals' loss aversion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 5035-40. [Abstract]

Sharot, T., Martorella, E.A., Delgado, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2007). Remembering 9/11: How personal experience modulates the neural circuitry of recollection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,104, 389-94. [Abstract]

Hyder, F., Phelps, E.A., Wiggins, C.J., LaBar, K.S. & Shulman, R.G. (1997). Willed action: An fMRI study of prefrontal cortex activation in a sensorimotor task. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences, 94, 6989-94. [Abstract]


Psychological Science
FeldmanHall, O., Raio, C.M., Kubota, J.T., Seiler, M.G. & Phelps, E.A. (2015). The effects of social context and acute stress on decision making under uncertainty. Psychological Science, 26, 1918-26. [Abstract].

Sokol-Hessner, P., Lackovic, S.F., Tobe, R.H., Camerer, C.F., Leventhal, B.L. & Phelps, E.A. (2015). Determinants of propranolol's selective effect on loss aversion. Psychological Science, 26, 1123-30. [Abstract].

Kubota, J.T., Li, J., Bar-David, E., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2015). All claims in the original article hold as stated: A response to Arkes (2015). Psychological Science, 26, 246-8.

Kubota, J.T., Li, J., Bar-David, E., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2013). The price of racial bias: intergroup negotiations in the ultimatum game. Psychological Science, 24(12), 2498-2504. [Abstract]

Brosch, T., Bar-David, E. & Phelps, E.A. (2013). Implicit race bias decreases the similarity of neural representations of black and white faces. Psychological Science, 24, 160-6. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Ling, S. & Carrasco, M. (2006). Emotion facilitates perception and potentiates the perceptual benefit of attention. Psychological Science, 17, 292-299. [Abstract]

Olsson, A. & Phelps, E.A. (2004). Learned fear of unseen faces after Pavlovian, observational and instructed fear. Psychological Science, 15, 822-28. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K. & Phelps, E.A. (2000). Expression without recognition: Contributions of the human amygdala to emotional communication. Psychological Science, 11, 106-11. [Abstract]

LaBar, K.S. & Phelps, E.A. (1998). Arousal-mediated memory consolidation: Role of the medial temporal lobe in humans. Psychological Science, 9, 490-93. [Abstract]


Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Ferneyhough, E., Stanley, D.A., Phelps, E.A. & Carrasco, M. (2010). Cueing effects of faces are dependent on handedness and visual field. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 529-35. [Abstract]


Delgado, M.R., Schotter, A., Ozbay, E.Y. & Phelps, E.A. (2008). Understanding overbidding: Using the neural circuitry of reward to design economic auctions. Science, 321, 1849-52. [Abstract]

Olsson, A., Ebert J.P., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2005). The role of social group in the persistence of learned fear. Science, 309, 785-7. [Abstract]


Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Dunsmoor, J.E., Kubota, J.T., Li, J., Coelho, C.A. & Phelps, E.A. (2016).  Racial stereotypes impair flexibility of emotional learning. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11, 1363-73. [Abstract].

Brosch, T., Schiller, D., Mojdehbakhsh, R., Uleman, J. & Phelps, E.A. (2013). Neural mechanisms underlying the integration of situational information into attribution outcomes.  Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 8, 640-6. [Abstract]

Sokol-Hessner, P., Camerer, C.F. & Phelps, E.A. (2012). Emotion regulation reduces loss aversion and decreases amygdala responses to losses. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 8(3), 341-50. [Abstract]

Olsson, A., Nearing, K.I. & Phelps, E.A. (2007). Learning fears by observing others: The neural systems of social fear transmission. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 2, 2-10. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Labouliere, C.D. & Phelps, E.A. (2006). Fear of losing money? Aversive conditioning with secondary reinforcers. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 1, 250-9. [Abstract]

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The Journal of Neuroscience
Lenow, J.K., Constantino, S.M., Daw, N.D., & Phelps, E.A. (2017).  Chronic and acute stress promote overexploitation in serial decision making. The Journal of Neuroscience, 37, 5681-9. [Abstract].

Boeke, E.A., Moscarello, J.M., LeDoux, J.E., Phelps, E.A., & Hartley, C.A. (2017).  Active avoidance: Neural mechanisms and attenuation of Pavlovian conditioned responding. The Journal of Neuroscience, 37, 4808-18. [Abstract].

Schiller, D., Levy, I., Niv, Y., LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2008). From fear to safety and back: Reversal of fear in the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 11517-25. [Abstract]

Parsons, L.M., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Phelps, E.A. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1998). Cerebrally-lateralized mental representations of hand shape and movement. Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 6539-48. [Abstract]

LaBar, K.S., LeDoux, J.E., Spencer, D.D. & Phelps, E.A. (1995). Impaired fear conditioning following unilateral temporal lobectomy in humans. Journal of Neuroscience, 15, 6846-55. [Abstract]


Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Lempert, K.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2016). The malleability of intertemporal choice. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20, 64-74. [Abstract].

Ochsner, K.N. & Phelps, E.A. (2007). Emerging perspectives on emotion-cognition interactions. Trends in Cognitive Science, 11, 317-8. [Abstract]


Raio, C.M. & Phelps, E.A. (2015). Observational Fear Learning. In A.W. Toga, (Ed.), Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference. Academic Press: Elsevier. pp. 137-141.

Hartley, C.A., Moscarello, J.M., Quirk, G.J. & Phelps, E.A. (2014). The cognitive neuroscience of fear and its control: From animal models to human experience. In M.S. Gazzaniga & G.R. Mangun (Eds.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, 5th ed. Cambridge: MIT Press (697-708).

Phelps, E.A. (2012). Emotion and Memory. In L. Nadel & W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Eds.), Memory and Law. New York: Oxford University Press.

Stanley, D.A., Sokol-Hessner, P., Fareri, D.S., Perino, M.T., Delgado, M.R., Banaji, M.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2012). Race and reputation: perceived racial group trustworthiness influences the neural correlates of trust decisions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Biological Sciences, 367, 744-53. [Abstract]

Phelps E.A. & Sokol-Hessner P. (2011). Social and emotional factors in decision-making: appraisal and value. In R.J. Dolan & T. Sharot (Eds.), Neuroscience of Preference and Choice: Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms. London: Academic Press.

Delgado, M.R., Jou, R. & Phelps, E.A. (2011). Neural systems underlying aversive conditioning in humans with primary and secondary reinforcers. Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience, 5, 71. [Abstract]

Delgado, M.R., Phelps E.A. & Robbins, T.W. (2011). Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII. Oxford England: Oxford University Press.

Reuter-Lorenz, P.A., Baynes, K., Mangun, G.R. & Phelps, E.A. (2010). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga. Cambridge Mass: MIT Press.

Whalen, P.J. & Phelps. E.A. (2009). The Human Amygdala. New York: Guilford Press.

Bizzi, E., Hyman, S.E., Raichle, M.E., Kanwisher, N., Phelps, E.A., Morse, S.J., Sinnot-Armstrong, W., Rakoff, J.S. & Greely, H.T. (2009). Using Imaging To Detect Deceit. Cambridge, MA: American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Phelps, E.A. & Delgado, M.R. (2009). Emotion and Decision Making. In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, 4th ed. Cambridge: MIT Press (1093-1106).

Phelps, E.A. (2009). The human amygdala and the control of fear. In P.J. Whalen & E.A. Phelps (Eds.), The Human Amygdala. New York: Guilford Press (204-19).

Phelps, E.A. (2009). Emotion's influence on attention and memory. In L. Squire, T. Albright, F. Bloom, F. Gage & N. Spitzer (Eds.), New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Oxford: Elsevier (941-6).

Stanley, D.A., Ferneyhough, E. & Phelps, E.A. (2009). Neural Perspectives on Emotion: Impact on Perception, Attention and Memory. In G.G. Berntson & J.T. Cacciopo (Eds.), Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Delgado, M.R., Li, J., Schiller, D. & Phelps, E.A. (2008). The role of the striatum in aversive learning and aversive prediction error. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Biological Sciences, 363, 3787-800. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2008). The study of emotion in neuroeconomics. In P.W. Glimcher, C.F. Camerer, E. Fehr & R.A. Poldrack (Eds.), Neuroeconomics: Decision Making and the Brain. New York: Academic Press.

LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2008).
Emotional networks in the brain.
In M. Lewis, J. Haviland-Jones & L.F. Barrett (Eds.), Handbook of Emotion, 3rd ed. NY: Guilford (159-79).

Butler, T., Pan, H. Tuescher, O., Engelien, A., Goldstein, M., Epstein, J., Weisholz, D., Root, J., Protopoescu, X., Cunningham-Bussell, A., Chang, L., Xie, X., Phelps, E.A., LeDoux, J.E., Stern, E. & Silberswieg, D.A. (2007). Human fear-related motor circuitry. Neuroscience, 150, 1-7. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2007). Understanding learning: Specific challenges in merging the levels of analysis. In H.L. Roediger, Y. Dudai & S.M. Fitzpatrick (Eds.), Science of Memory: Concepts. New York: Oxford University Press (45-48).

Phelps, E.A. (2007). The neuroscience of a person network. American Journal of Bioethics, 7, 49-50. [Abstract]

Olsson, A. & Phelps, E.A. (2007). Understanding social evaluations: What we can (and cannot) learn from neuroimaging. In B. Wittenbrink & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Implicit Measures of Attitudes. New York: Guilford Press (159-75).

Phelps, E.A. (2006). Emotion and Cognition. In E.E. Smith & S.M. Koslyn (Eds.), Cognitive Psychology: Mind and Brain. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall (pp. 325-363).

Phelps, E.A. (2006). Emotion, learning and the brain: From classical conditioning to cultural bias.
In P. Baltes, P.A. Reuter-Lorenz & F. Roesler (Eds.), Lifespan Development and the Brain: The Perspective of Biocultural Co-Constructivism. New York: Cambridge University Press (200-216).

Phelps E.A. & LaBar, K.S. (2006). Emotion and social cognition: The role of the human amygdala. In R. Cabeza & A. Kingstone (Eds.), Handbook on Functional Imaging of Cognition, vol. 2. Cambridge: MIT Press (421-454).

Phelps, E.A. & Banaji, M.R. (2005). Animal models of human attitudes: Integrations across behavioral, cognitive, and social neuroscience. In J.T. Cacioppo, P.S. Visser & C.L. Pickett (Eds.), Social Neuroscience: People Thinking about Thinking People. Cambridge: MIT Press (229-44).

Lissek, S., Powers, A.S., Phelps, E.A., Grillon, C., Woldehawariat, G., McClure, E.B. & Pine, D.S. (2005). Classical fear-conditioning in the anxiety disorders: A meta-analysis. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 43, 1391-1424. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2005). The interaction of emotion and cognition: Insights from studies of the human amygdala. In L.F. Barrett, P. Niendathal & P. Winkielman (Eds.), Emotion and Consciousness. New York: Guilford Press (51-66).

Delgado, M.R., Miller, M.M., Inati, S. & Phelps, E.A. (2005). An fMRI study of reward-related probability learning. NeuroImage, 24, 862-873. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A. (2004). The human amygdala and awareness: Interactions between emotion and cognition. In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, 3rd ed, Cambridge: MIT Press.

Phelps, E.A. (2004). The interaction of emotion and cognition: The relation between the amygdala and cognitive awareness. In R. Hassan, J.S. Uleman & J.A. Bargh (Eds.), The New Unconscious, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford Press.

Phelps, E.A. & Thomas, L.A. (2003). Race, behavior and the brain: The role of neuroimaging in understanding complex human behaviors. Political Psychology, 24, 747-58. [Abstract]

Yancey, S.W. & Phelps, E.A. (2001). Functional neuroimaging and episodic memory: A review. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology, 23, 32-48. [Abstract]

Anderson, A.K., Fulbright, R.K., Spencer, D.D. & Phelps, E.A. (2000). The representation of facial emotion in the anteromedial temporal lobe. Neuropsychology, 14, 526-36. [Abstract]

LeDoux, J.E. & Phelps, E.A. (2000). Emotion networks in the brain. In M. Lewis & J. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), Handbook of Emotion, 2nd ed. NY: Guilford Press (157-72).

Phelps, E.A. (1999). Brain vs. Behavioral Studies in Cognition. In R. Sternberg (Ed.), Nature of Cognition. Cambridge: MIT Press (295-322).

Phelps, E.A., LaBar, K.S. & Spencer, D.D. (1997). Memory for emotional words following unilateral temporal lobectomy. Brain & Cognition, 35, 85-109. [Abstract]

Phelps, E.A., Phillips, R.G. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1994). Hippocampal function and relational processing. In J. Delacour (Ed.), Memory and the Brain. London: World Scientific Publishing.

Tramo, M.J., Baynes, K., Fendrich, R., Mangun, G.R., Phelps, E.A., Reuter-Lorenz, P.A. & Gazzaniga, M.S. (1994). Hemispheric specialization and interhemispheric integration. In A.G. Reeves & D.R. Roberts (Eds.), Epilepsy and the Corpus Callosum, 2nd ed. New York: Plenum Press.

Hirst, W., Phelps, E.A. & Johnson, M.K. (1988). Amnesia and second language learning. Brain & Cognition, 8, 105-16. [Abstract]

Bahrick, H.P. & Phelps, E.A. (1988). Maintenance of marginal knowledge. In U. Neisser & E. Winograd (Eds.), Remembering reconsidered: Ecological and traditional approaches to the study of memory. New York: Cambridge University Press.